The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada

49 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2008 Last revised: 21 Aug 2010

See all articles by David A. Jaeger

David A. Jaeger

Ph.D. Program in Economics, City University of New York Graduate Center; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); University of Cologne - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); University College London - CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration

Esteban F. Klor

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Sami H. Miaari

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Eliezer Kaplan School of Economics and Social Sciences

Daniele Paserman

Boston University - Department of Economics; Hebrew University of Jerusalem; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2008

Abstract

his paper examines how violence in the Second Intifada influences Palestinian public opinion. Using micro data from a series of opinion polls linked to data on fatalities, we find that Israeli violence against Palestinians leads them to support more radical factions and more radical attitudes towards the conflict. This effect is temporary, however, and vanishes completely within 90 days. We also find some evidence that Palestinian fatalities lead to the polarization of the population and to increased disaffection and a lack of support for any faction. Geographically proximate Palestinian fatalities have a larger effect than those that are distant, while Palestinian fatalities in targeted killings have a smaller effect relative to other fatalities. Although overall Israeli fatalities do not seem to affect Palestinian public opinion, when we divide those fatalities by the different factions claiming responsibility for them, we find some evidence that increased Israeli fatalities are effective in increasing support for the faction that claimed them.

Suggested Citation

Jaeger, David A. and Klor, Esteban F. and Miaari, Sami H. and Paserman, Daniele, The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada (April 2008). NBER Working Paper No. w13956. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1122746

David A. Jaeger (Contact Author)

Ph.D. Program in Economics, City University of New York Graduate Center ( email )

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Esteban F. Klor

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://economics.huji.ac.il/facultye/klor/klor.htm

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

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Sami H. Miaari

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Eliezer Kaplan School of Economics and Social Sciences ( email )

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Jerusalem
Israel

Daniele Paserman

Boston University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Hebrew University of Jerusalem

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Israel

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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