24 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2008 Last revised: 6 Apr 2011

James A. Leitzel

University of Chicago

Date Written: April 4, 2011


Gambling jurisdictions around the world have adopted self-exclusion programs in which gamblers can voluntarily agree to be barred from further gambling. The popularity of self-exclusion stems from its aid in combating problem or pathological gambling, along with its non-coercive nature. To bolster the self-control of problem gamblers, exclusion programs combine physical inaccessibility and reward diminution: bettors are supposed to remain (or be kept) away from gambling sites, and the gambling winnings of excluded bettors can be confiscated. Other elements of program design that can affect the workings of a self-exclusion program include the duration of an exclusion, its revocability, and the breadth of gambling activities to which the prohibition applies. Self-exclusion or broader user licensing programs can be helpful for control of vices other than gambling. I argue that self-exclusion should form an integral component of drug regulatory frameworks that offer substantial improvements over drug prohibition.

Keywords: self-exclusion, gambling, drugs, vice, robustness, addiction

JEL Classification: I18, K10, K49, L51, L83

Suggested Citation

Leitzel, James A., Self-Exclusion (April 4, 2011). Available at SSRN: or

James A. Leitzel (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-8555 (Phone)

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