Intergenerational Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Attainment

55 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2008 Last revised: 16 Jul 2011

See all articles by Amalia R. Miller

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Lei Zhang

Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Date Written: July 2011

Abstract

This paper estimates the impact of the fundamental welfare reforms of the 1990s on the educational attainment of children in low-income families. Using administrative records and individual survey data spanning the early 1990s to the mid 2000s, we find large positive effects of welfare reform: income gaps in school enrollment and drop-out rates narrow by more than 20 percent. Although low-income children experience significant and growing relative gains following welfare reform, there are no relative gains before welfare reform. These findings are robust to changing the definitions of the income groups and to controlling for contemporaneous economic and policy changes.

Keywords: Welfare Reform, Educational Attainment, Children in Low-Income Households

JEL Classification: H5, I2, I3

Suggested Citation

Miller, Amalia R. and Zhang, Lei, Intergenerational Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Attainment (July 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1126785 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1126785

Amalia R. Miller (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4182
United States

HOME PAGE: http://people.virginia.edu/~am5by/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Lei Zhang

Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University ( email )

HOME PAGE: http://www.acem.sjtu.edu.cn/en/faculty/zhanglei.html

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