Parasiteware: Unlocking Personal Privacy

18 Pages Posted: 4 May 2008

See all articles by Daniel Garrie

Daniel Garrie

Law & Forensics; Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law

Rebecca Wong

Bournemouth University - Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper


Spyware presents a threat of privacy infringement to unassuming internet users irrespective of their country of citizenship. European legislation attempts to protect end-users from unethical processing of their personal data. Spyware technologies, however, skirts these laws and often break them in their entirety. Outlawing the spyware and strengthening the legal consent requirement to mine data are statutory solutions that can prevent spyware users from skirting the law. An internationally standardized technology education system for the judiciaries in Europe and the U.S. can help ensure that when spyware users do break the law, they cannot hide by escaping from one nation to another without being held accountable. Transnational improvements are necessary to remedy the global spyware epidemic.

Keywords: Spyware, Privacy, personal data, information technology, IT

JEL Classification: K00

Suggested Citation

Garrie, Daniel and Wong, Rebecca, Parasiteware: Unlocking Personal Privacy. SCRIPT-ed, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2006, Available at SSRN:

Daniel Garrie (Contact Author)

Law & Forensics ( email )

6506 3rd Ave NW
Suite C
Seattle, WA 98117
United States
855 529 2466 (Phone)


Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law ( email )

55 Fifth Ave.
New York, NY 10003
United States

Rebecca Wong

Bournemouth University - Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM) ( email )

89 Holdenhurst Road
Dorset, BH8 8EB
United Kingdom

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics