FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2007-043H
35 Pages Posted: 7 May 2008 Last revised: 15 Jun 2012
Date Written: March 1, 2012
This paper documents a little-noticed feature of U.S. labor markets -- very large variation in the labor supply of married women across cities. We focus on cross-city differences in commuting times as a potential explanation for this variation. We start with a model in which commuting times introduce non-convexities into the budget set. Empirical evidence is consistent with the model's predictions: Labor force participation rates of married women are negatively correlated with the metropolitan area commuting time. Also, metropolitan areas with larger increases in average commuting time in 1980-2000 had slower growth in the labor force participation of married women.
Keywords: female labor supply, local labor markets, commuting time, non-convex budget sets
JEL Classification: J21, J22, R23, R41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Black, Dan and Kolesnikova, Natalia and Taylor, Lowell J., Why Do So Few Women Work in New York (And So Many in Minneapolis)? Labor Supply of Married Women across U.S. Cities (March 1, 2012). FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2007-043H. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1129982 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1129982