'Healing the Scars of History': Projects, Skills and Field Strategies in Institutional Entrepreneurship
Organization Studies, Vol. 28, No. 7, pp. 1101-1122, 2007
39 Pages Posted: 13 May 2008 Last revised: 26 Feb 2009
We explore what institutional entrepreneurs do to propagate new organizational forms. Our findings are derived from a longitudinal study of the 'Euroregion', an organizational form used by local authorities situated close to European borders for co-ordinating policies across borders. We find that the institutional entrepreneurs behind the Euroregion engaged in several types of institution-building projects, with a changing focus over time. While the initial emphasis was on interactional projects, this was followed by a focus on technical projects and finally cultural projects. The skills that the institutional entrepreneurs deployed changed accordingly. While in a first phase, predominantly political skills were used, later, analytical skills and finally cultural skills were added. Furthermore, the institutional entrepreneurs propagated the organizational form by switching their institution-building projects between different fields. We interpret these findings by outlining a process theory of institutional entrepreneurship that conceptualizes the institutional entrepreneur in light of its development as an innovating organization.
Keywords: institutional entrepreneurship, skills, fields, organizational forms, cross-border regions, Euroregions
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