Policy Entrepreneurship and Multi-Level Governance: A Comparative Study of European Cross-Border Regions
Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp. 861-879, 2007
35 Pages Posted: 15 May 2008 Last revised: 4 Aug 2015
This article addresses the recent proliferation of Cross-Border Regions, or Euroregions, in Europe. It argues that EU multi-level governance patterns generate opportunities for entrepreneurial policy organisations to attract policy tasks and resources. This is conceptualised as policy entrepreneurship and applied to a comparative case study analysis of three Euroregions: EUREGIO (Germany - Netherlands), Viadrina (Poland - Germany) and Tyrol (Austria - Italy). The analysis focuses on the ability of these initiatives to establish themselves as autonomous organisations. It finds considerable variation across the cases in this respect. Following on from this, the paper shows how different administrative and institutional environments in different EU member states affect the ability of Euroregions to engage in policy entrepreneurship. It concludes that is it premature to perceive Euroregions as new types of regional territorial entities; rather, they are part of the policy innovation scenario enabled by EU multi-level governance.
Keywords: Policy entrepreneurship, multi-level governance, cross-border regions, Euroregions, trans-border collaboration; Europe, regions
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By Jen Nelles