Adapting to Miranda: Modern Interrogators' Strategies for Dealing with the Obstacles Posed by Miranda
76 Pages Posted: 16 May 2008
From its inception, the Miranda doctrine has been criticized by those who believe it unduly restricts law enforcement and by those who believe it provides insufficient protection for individuals suspected of a crime. Without opining whether the Miranda warning and waiver requirements should be overruled or modified, this article evaluates how police interrogators have adapted to Miranda. Drawing from interrogation transcripts that span over a decade, the article analyzes the dynamics of police officers' interrogation techniques in light of Miranda obstacles and evaluates the costs of Miranda to law enforcement.
The article acknowledges that the magnitude of Miranda's impact on law enforcement cannot be precisely determined. Rather than engage in any speculative evaluation of Miranda's effects on confession and conviction rates, the article instead focuses on the interaction between interrogators and suspects in a wide range of situations. The article concludes that modern police interrogators have refined their interrogation techniques to obtain admissible statements in spite of the obstacles posed by Miranda.
Keywords: criminal procedure, Miranda, law enforcement, interrogation techniques
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