The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region

44 Pages Posted: 20 May 2008

See all articles by Laurent Gobillon

Laurent Gobillon

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED)

Thierry Magnac

Toulouse School of Economics; University of Toulouse 1 - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Harris Selod

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA); National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); The World Bank; Paris School of Economics (PSE); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

There are large spatial disparities in unemployment durations across the 1,300 municipalities in the Paris region (Ile-de-France). In order to characterize these imbalances, we estimate a proportional hazard model stratified by municipality on an exhaustive dataset of all unemployment spells starting in the first semester of 1996. This model allows us to recover a survival function for each municipality that is purged of individual observed heterogeneity. We show that only 30% of the disparities in the survival rates relate to observed individual variables. Nearly 70% of the remaining disparities are captured by local indicators, mainly segregation indices.

Keywords: Duration model, residential segregation, spatial mismatch, urban unemployment

JEL Classification: C41, J64, R23

Suggested Citation

Gobillon, Laurent and Magnac, Thierry and Selod, Harris, The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region (March 2007). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6199, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1134240

Laurent Gobillon (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) ( email )

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Paris cedex 20, France 75980
France
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HOME PAGE: http://laurent.gobillon.free.fr/

Thierry Magnac

Toulouse School of Economics ( email )

Manufacture des Tabacs
21 Allees de Brienne
Toulouse, 31000
France

University of Toulouse 1 - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI) ( email )

Manufacture des Tabacs
21 Allee de Brienne bat. F
Toulouse Cedex, F-31000
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Harris Selod

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) ( email )

147, rue de l'Universite
Paris Cedex 07, 78-Yvelines 75338
France
+33 1 4313 6365 (Phone)
+33 1 4313 6362 (Fax)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

The World Bank ( email )

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United States

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

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Paris, 75014 75014
France

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

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