Market Work and Motherhood Decisions in Contexts

28 Pages Posted: 23 May 2008

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Abstract

In this paper, we explore the impact of social policies and labour market characteristics on women's decisions regarding work and childbearing, using data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). We estimate the two decisions jointly and, in addition to personal characteristics, include variables related to the childcare system, parental leave arrangements, family allowances, and labour market flexibility. Our empirical results show that a non-negligible portion of the differences in participation and fertility rates for women from different European countries can be attributed to the characteristics of these institutions, and that the environmental effects vary by educational level. While labour market arrangements, such as part-time opportunities (when well-paid and protected), have a larger impact on the outcomes of women with higher educational levels, childcare and optional parental leaves have a larger impact on the fertility and participation decisions of women at lower educational levels.

Keywords: employment, fertility, childcare, parental leave

JEL Classification: J11, C3, D1

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Pasqua, Silvia and Pronzato, Chiara, Market Work and Motherhood Decisions in Contexts. , Vol. , pp. -, . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1136465 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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