Enterprise Risk Management: A View from the Insurance Industry
University of St. Gallen - Swiss Institute of Banking and Finance
affiliation not provided to SSRN
LAW AND ECONOMICS OF RISK IN FINANCE, Peter Nobel and Marina Gets, eds., pp. 111-120, Schulthess, Zürich, 2007
U. of St. Gallen Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2008-19
The term Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) represents a holistic approach to managing the risks that a company faces in a changing environment. Risk can be considered as a function of change, and risk management may thus be described as a technique for coping with the effects of change. Although risk management practices and methodologies have been around for decades, the area of ERM has recently gained attention from executive management, investors, rating agencies, regulators and academics.
While risk management functions initially only monitored adherence to risk and other policies, they later on implemented the first risk measurement and quantification approaches. The next natural step was that risk management not only provided the risk status, but also took responsibility for hedging and risk mitigation activities, followed by satisfying the need for more risk-and-return analysis and recommendations. Nowadays, risk management functions further ex-pand their activities into the area of strategic analysis and business decision support. To put it in other words, risk management has moved from a passive analysis and quantification function to a proactive business enabler and strategy consultant role.
Organizations of all types and sizes face a range of risks affecting the achievement of their objectives and influencing all decision-making. ERM supports intelligent and effective decision-making in order to optimize the level of calculated risk taken and to recognize opportunities where taking risks might benefit the organization.
Zurich Financial Services defines Enterprise Risk Management as the structured Group-wide view to identifying, measuring, managing, reporting and responding to risks that affect the achievement of Zurich's strategic and financial objectives, including both upside and downside risks on both sides of the balance sheet.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 11
Keywords: Enterprise Risk Management, Insurance Industry, risk measurement, Zurich Financial Services
JEL Classification: G22, K22
Date posted: June 2, 2008 ; Last revised: August 7, 2008