The Origins, Current Status, and Future Prospects of Blood Quantum as the Definition of Membership in the Navajo Nation

Tribal Law Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2007

17 Pages Posted: 29 May 2008 Last revised: 23 Apr 2009

Paul Spruhan

Navajo Nation Department of Justice

Date Written: 2007

Abstract

The paper traces the origins of the requirement that persons have one-quarter or more Navajo blood to be enrolled in the Navajo Nation. Through minutes of the Navajo Nation Council and Bureau of Indian Affairs documents, the paper discusses the genesis of this requirement in the context of the development of the Nation's natural resources and the Nation's attempts to adopt a tribal constitution. The paper further examines recent unsuccessful efforts to revise the requirement, and the possibility of challenges to the requirement under the recently passed statute mandating application of the Fundamental Laws of the Dine.

Keywords: Indian law, Navajo Nation, blood quantum, race

JEL Classification: K39

Suggested Citation

Spruhan, Paul, The Origins, Current Status, and Future Prospects of Blood Quantum as the Definition of Membership in the Navajo Nation (2007). Tribal Law Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1138302

Paul Spruhan (Contact Author)

Navajo Nation Department of Justice ( email )

Window Rock, AZ 86515

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