Children, Kitchen, Church: Does Ethnicity Matter?

51 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2008

See all articles by Anzelika Zaiceva

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO); UNU-MERIT; Maastricht University, Department of Economics; Free University Berlin; University of Bonn; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Journal of Population Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 2007


Gender role attitudes are well-known determinants of female labour supply. This paper examines the strength of those attitudes using time diaries on childcare, food management and religious activities provided by the British Time Use Survey. Given the low labour force participation of females from ethnic minorities, the role of ethnicity in forming those attitudes and influencing time spent for "traditional" female activities is of particular interest. The paper finds that white females in the UK have a higher probability to participate in the labour force than non-white females. Non-white females spend more time for religious activities and, to some extent, for food management than white females, while there are no ethnic differences for time spent on childcare. The ethnicity effect is also heterogenous across different socio-economic groups. Hence, cultural differences across ethnicities are significant, and do affect work behaviour.

Keywords: ethnic minorities, gender, time use, UK

JEL Classification: J15, J16, J22

Suggested Citation

Zaiceva, Anzelika and Zimmermann, Klaus F., Children, Kitchen, Church: Does Ethnicity Matter? (September 2007). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6491, Available at SSRN:

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

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Klaus F. Zimmermann (Contact Author)

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )


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