'When Will They Ever Learn?': The Great Indian Experience of Universal Immunisation Programme

Posted: 3 Jun 2008 Last revised: 16 Dec 2009

Nilanjan Patra

Jawaharlal Nehru University - Centre for Economic Studies and Planning

Date Written: December 10, 2009

Abstract

The study attempts to analyse the effects of some selected demographic and socioeconomic predictor variables on the likelihood of immunisation of a child for six vaccine-preventable diseases covered under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP). It focuses on immunisation coverage in all of India with special emphasis on three groups of states, viz., Empowered Action Group, North-Eastern and Other states. The study applies a logistic regression model to the three rounds of National Family Health Survey data. The results are robust across different models. The likelihood of immunisation increases with urban residence, mother's education level, mother's age, mother's exposure to mass media, mother's awareness about immunisation, antenatal care during pregnancy, wealth index, household electrification, mother's empowerment index, and caste/ tribe hierarchy. It is also higher for boys than girls but it decreases for higher birth-order irrespective of the sex of the child. However, SLI and sex of household headship has no effect. Religion and zone of states also have some effects. Emphasis on these demand enhancing factors is necessary to make the immunisation programme universal.

Keywords: Immunisation, UIP, NFHS, Logit, Unadjusted and Adjusted Likelihood

JEL Classification: C25, I18, J13

Suggested Citation

Patra, Nilanjan, 'When Will They Ever Learn?': The Great Indian Experience of Universal Immunisation Programme (December 10, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1139889

Nilanjan Patra (Contact Author)

Jawaharlal Nehru University - Centre for Economic Studies and Planning ( email )

JNU Campus
New Delhi, Delhi 110067
India

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