An Economic Anaylsis of Shrimp Farm Expansion and Mangrove Conversion in Thailand

Land Economics, Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 389-407, 2004

Posted: 5 Jun 2008

See all articles by Edward B. Barbier

Edward B. Barbier

Colorado State University, Fort Collins - Department of Economics

Mark Cox

University of York (UK)

Abstract

We analyzed the factors determining mangrove conversion by shrimp farmers in the coastal provinces of Thailand between 1979-1996. The profit-maximizing behavior of a shrimp farmer converting mangrove area under open access conditions is modeled. Aggregate mangrove clearing by all farmers in coastal areas is empirically estimated through a provincial-level panel analysis. The price of shrimp, minimum wage, distance from market, ammonium phosphate price (used for feed), population growth, gross provincial product, and the density of shrimp farms influence on mangrove clearing and shrimp farm expansion. Based on the analysis, various policy options to control mangrove deforestation in Thailand are reviewed.

JEL Classification: 013, 022, 023

Suggested Citation

Barbier, Edward B. and Cox, Mark, An Economic Anaylsis of Shrimp Farm Expansion and Mangrove Conversion in Thailand. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1140798

Edward B. Barbier (Contact Author)

Colorado State University, Fort Collins - Department of Economics ( email )

Fort Collins, CO 80523-1771
United States

Mark Cox

University of York (UK) ( email )

Heslington
York YO10 5DD
United Kingdom

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