Parameter Optimization for Differential Equations in Asset Price Forecasting

Optimization Methods and Software, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 551-574, 2008

26 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2008 Last revised: 15 Apr 2009

Ahmet Duran

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Gunduz Caginalp

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Mathematics

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

A system of nonlinear asset flow differential equations (AFDE) gives rise to an inverse problem involving optimization of parameters that characterize an investor population. The optimization procedure is used in conjunction with daily market prices and net asset values to determine the parameters for which the AFDE yield the best fit for the previous n days. Using these optimal parameters the equations are computed and solved to render a forecast for market prices for the following days. For a number of closed-end funds, the results are statistically closer to the ensuing market prices than the default prediction of random walk. In particular, we perform this optimization by a nonlinear computational algorithm that combines a quasi-Newton weak line search with the BFGS formula. We develop a nonlinear least-square technique with an initial value problem (IVP) approach for arbitrary stream data by focusing on the market price variable P since any real data for the other three variables B, zeta_1 and zeta_2 in the dynamical system is not available explicitly. We minimize the sum of exponentially weighted squared differences F[K] between the true trading prices from day i to day i n-1 and the corresponding computed market prices obtained from the first row vector of the numerical solution U of the IVP with AFDE for ith optimal parameter vector where {K} is an initial parameter vector. Here, the gradient (F(x))is approximated by using the central difference formula and step length s is determined by the backtracking line search. One of the novel components of the proposed asset flow optimization forecast algorithm is a dynamic initial parameter pool which contains most recently used successful parameters, besides the various fixed parameters from a set of grid points in a hyper-box.

Keywords: numerical nonlinear optimization, inverse problem of parameter estimation, asset flow differential equations, financial market dynamics, market return prediction algorithm, data analysis in mathematical finance and economics, out-of-sample prediction

JEL Classification: C61, G12, C14, C53, D46, D52

Suggested Citation

Duran, Ahmet and Caginalp, Gunduz, Parameter Optimization for Differential Equations in Asset Price Forecasting (2008). Optimization Methods and Software, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 551-574, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1145002

Ahmet Duran (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

500 S. State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Gunduz Caginalp

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Mathematics ( email )

507 Thackeray Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States
412-624-8339 (Phone)
412-624-8397 (Fax)

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