School Attendance of Children and the Work of Mothers: A Joint Multilevel Model for India

27 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2008

See all articles by Francesca Francavilla

Francesca Francavilla

University of Florence

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Leonardo Grilli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni (DiSIA)

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of school attendance of children and their mother's working status when the mother decides how to allocate her time and that of her children. A multilevel random effects model is applied to study the mother's participation and the schooling status of her children in a joint framework. Using the second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2) for India, we find that, controlling for many covariates among which wealth is the most powerful predictor, children of working mothers have a lower probability of attending school. This, together with the result that only illiterate and poor mothers with unskilled or unemployed partners have a high probability of working, points to the need for decent labour market opportunities for females. An implication of our findings is that any policy aiming both at enhancing women's empowerment through labour and increasing children's welfare should also target improvements in women's conditions in the labour market.

Keywords: children's schooling, women's work, household allocation of time, random effects, India

JEL Classification: J13, J22, O15, O18

Suggested Citation

Francavilla, Francesca and Giannelli, Gianna Claudia and Grilli, Leonardo, School Attendance of Children and the Work of Mothers: A Joint Multilevel Model for India. , Vol. , pp. -, . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1145910 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Francesca Francavilla (Contact Author)

University of Florence ( email )

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato ( email )

Via S. Caterina d'Alessandria 3
Firenze 50129
Italy
+39-055-4622926 (Phone)
+39-055-472102 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Leonardo Grilli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni (DiSIA) ( email )

Viale Morgagni, 59
Florence, 50134
Italy

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