Growth and Poverty in Burkina Faso: A Reassessment of the Paradox
Posted: 17 Jun 2008
Date Written: January 2007
Previous poverty assessments of Burkina Faso neglected some important methodological issues. They were therefore misleading and led to the so-called Burkinabè Growth-Poverty Paradox , i.e., increasing poverty despite sustained macro-economic growth and constant inequality. We estimate that poverty significantly decreased between 1994 and 2003, i.e., growth was in contrast to what previous poverty estimates suggested pro-poor . However, we also demonstrate that between 1994 and 1998, poverty indeed increased despite a good macro-economic performance. This was caused by a severe drought and the devaluation of the CFA Franc, which led to a profound deterioration of the purchasing power of the poor, an issue, which was also overseen by previous studies.
Keywords: D12, D63, 132, O12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation