China and Central and Eastern European Countries: Regional Networks, Global Supply Chain or International Competitors?

41 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2008

See all articles by K. C. Fung

K. C. Fung

University of California at Santa Cruz

Iikka Korhonen

Bank of Finland - Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)

Rick Ke Li

University of California, Santa Cruz

Francis Ng

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: June 13, 2008

Abstract

China has emerged as one of the world's leading recipients of foreign direct investment (FDI). Meanwhile, the successful transition experience of many Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) also enables them to attract an increasing share of global foreign investment, particularly from the European Union (EU). What is the relationship between inward FDI of China and the CEECs? We conceptualize the relationship according to three alternative paradigms: 1) China and the CEECs each exist in its own regional production network, with no linkage between FDI flows into China and into CEECs; 2) China and the CEECs together comprise a global production network, so that FDI into China is positively related to FDI into CEECs; and 3) FDI into China is a substitute for FDI into the CEECs, so that the correlation between them is negative. In this paper, we employ panel data to study this issue in detail. Specifically, we compare empirical estimates for 15 CEECs over the 15-year period 1990-2004 using four different econometric approaches: FGLS with Random effects, FGLS with fixed effects, EC2SLS and GMM.

The result supports the conclusion that China's inward FDI does not crowd out CEECs' inward FDI. In fact, it shows that in some circumstances FDI flows in these two regions are moderately complementary. In addition, our analysis confirms the importance for FDI flows of recipient-country characteristics such as market size, degree of trade liberalization and labor quality, as well as a healthy global capital market.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Regional Networks, Global Supply Chain, China's FDI, Central and Eastern European Countries' FDI

JEL Classification: F20, F21, F43

Suggested Citation

Fung, K.C. and Korhonen, Iikka and Li, Rick Ke and Ng, Francis, China and Central and Eastern European Countries: Regional Networks, Global Supply Chain or International Competitors? (June 13, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1147020 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1147020

K.C. Fung (Contact Author)

University of California at Santa Cruz ( email )

Santa Cruz, CA 95064
United States
831-459-3273 (Phone)
831-459-5900 (Fax)

Iikka Korhonen

Bank of Finland - Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT) ( email )

P.O.Box 160
Helsinki 00101
Finland

Rick Ke Li

University of California, Santa Cruz ( email )

1156 High St
Santa Cruz, CA 95064

Francis Ng

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-8088 (Phone)
202-522-1159 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/fng

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