Agricultural Supply Response and Poverty in Mozambique
University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
December 7, 2001
Food Policy, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2002
This paper identifies key causal factors behind farmers' marketing decisions in Mozambique. A two-step decision making process is outlined. Farmers decide, first, whether or not to participate in the market. Next, they decide how much to sell. The model is estimated using a Heckman switching regression approach. The key importance of non-price factors such as risk, technology and transport infrastructure come out clearly. Marginal effects are calculated for poor and nonpoor households and broken down into a market participation and a quantity (sales value) component. The marginal effects for the poor are not substantially different from those of the nonpoor. This suggests that differences in area-based characteristics (especially risk and technology) are more influential in the commercialization process than differences in how the poor and the nonpoor respond to incentives. Moreover, interventions to promote market access are likely to solicit a greater volume of additional supply from peasants entering the market for the first time than from existing market participants stepping up their production and sales. To achieve pro-poor rural growth it is essential to address explicitly the conditions of high-risk, low productivity and low capital endowments of poor farmers.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: agriculture, commercialization, supply response, food marketing, Africa, Mozambique.
JEL Classification: Q12, Q18, O13
Date posted: July 11, 2008