ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INDUSTRIAL / ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, S. G. Rogelberg, ed., Vol. 2, pp.705-708, Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2006
4 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2008
Date Written: September 22, 2006
Albert Bandura defined self-efficacy as a person's belief in his or her capability to successfully perform a particular task. Together with the goals that people set, self-efficacy is one on the most powerful motivational predictors of how well a person will perform at almost any endeavor. A person's self-efficacy is a strong determinant of their effort, persistence, strategizing, as well as their subsequent training and job performance. Besides being highly predictive, self-efficacy can also be developed in order to harness its performance enhancing benefits. After outlining the nature of self-efficacy and how it leads to performance and other work-related outcomes, the measurement and sources of self-efficacy will be discussed. We conclude by briefly considering whether it is possible to have too much self-efficacy.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, self-assessment, performance improvement, resiliance
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