Coherence and the WTO

Posted: 25 Jun 2008

See all articles by L. Alan Winters

L. Alan Winters

University of Sussex; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: Autumn 2007


Coherence between the WTO and the Bretton Woods Institutions (a formal WTO objective) has achieved some minor goals but has been expensive in terms of direct costs and inefficiencies in policy-making and policy debate. The so-called Integrated Framework has achieved relatively little and aid for trade has yet to be fully established. There is little role for the WTO in development and aid policy other than its traditional job of facilitating trade growth, and so its role in aid-for-trade is unclear. Coherence, especially when interpreted as allowing developing countries to avoid trade liberalization in the name of development, has confused and weakened the Doha Round of WTO negotiations.

Keywords: WTO, coherence, aid for trade, integrated framework, world trading system, F13, F53, O19, F02

Suggested Citation

Winters, L. Alan Alan, Coherence and the WTO (Autumn 2007). Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 461-480, 2007, Available at SSRN: or

L. Alan Alan Winters (Contact Author)

University of Sussex ( email )

Sussex House
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

United Kingdom

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