Why is it so Difficult? Trade Liberalization Under the Doha Agenda
Posted: 25 Jun 2008
Date Written: Autumn 2007
Many explanations have been offered for the current difficulties of the World Trade Organization (WTO). In fact, the system appears to have managed many of these challenges reasonably well, including the increase in the number of members, its mediaeval decision-making procedures, the changing geopolitical environment, the rapid growth of preferential trade arrangements (PTAs), the complexity of its agreements, and concerns about erosion of unilateral preferences. By contrast, the near-exhaustion of the traditional fuel of industrial-country non-agricultural tariffs, the increasing importance of non-trade concerns, and incomplete adjustment to a new, multi-polar negotiating system appear to be important factors requiring further examination.
Keywords: WTO, GATT, trade negotiations, international relations, Doha Development Agenda, multilateral, trading system, diplomacy, F10, F13, F15, O19
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