Global Justice and the Bretton Woods Institutions

Posted: 27 Jun 2008


Together with the WTO, the Bretton Woods Institutions are the preeminent international institutions devoted to managing international economic relations. This mandate puts them squarely in the center of the debate concerning development, inequality and global justice. This essay explores how justice criteria might apply to the ideology and operations of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Using the Rawlsian model of egalitarian justice adapted to international institutions by the author in connection with the WTO, this essay asks what difference it would make for the Bank and Fund if an explicit justice framework informed their international lending activities.

Suggested Citation

Garcia, Frank Joseph, Global Justice and the Bretton Woods Institutions. Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 461-481, 2007. Available at SSRN: or

Frank Joseph Garcia (Contact Author)

Boston College - Law School ( email )

885 Centre Street
Newton, MA 02459-1163
United States

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