Are Poor, Remote Areas Left Behind in Agricultural Development: The Case of Tanzania

Posted: 30 Jun 2008

See all articles by Nicholas Minot

Nicholas Minot

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: March 2008

Abstract

The conventional wisdom in Africa is that economic reforms may have stimulated economic growth, but the benefits of this growth have been uneven, favoring urban households and farmers with good market access. This idea, although quite plausible, has rarely been tested empirically. In this paper, we develop a new approach to measuring trends in poverty and inequality and apply it to Tanzania in order to explore the relationship between rural poverty and market access. We find that, between 1991/92 and 2003, poverty fell the least in Dar es Salaam and the most in rural areas. Rural poverty is related to remoteness, but the relationship is surprisingly weak and it varies depending on the definition used. We find little evidence that remote rural areas are being “left behind”, either in relative or in absolute terms.

Keywords: C21, D31, I32, O55, R11

Suggested Citation

Minot, Nicholas, Are Poor, Remote Areas Left Behind in Agricultural Development: The Case of Tanzania (March 2008). Journal of African Economies, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 239-276, 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1153296 or http://dx.doi.org/ejm018

Nicholas Minot (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

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