Are Three Points for a Win Really Better than Two? Theoretical and Empirical Evidence for German Soccer

IÖB-Discussion Paper 4/08

36 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2008

See all articles by Alexander Dilger

Alexander Dilger

University of Münster

Hannah Geyer

University of Münster

Date Written: May 2008

Abstract

The effects of the three-point rule in first league German soccer are tested empirically and compared to games from the German cup-competition. The inclusion of cup games ensures that changes in league games can be attributed to the three-point rule. As a result of their relative devaluation, the number of draws should decrease. Furthermore, an increase in the number of close wins is expected. The strategy of a leading team becomes more defensive, resulting in fewer goal shootings by that team, as well as fewer shooting opportunities for the opponent. Empirical evidence supporting these effects is found.

Keywords: Difference-in-Differences, Non-Zero-Sum-Game, Soccer, Three-Point-Rule

JEL Classification: C72, C93, L83

Suggested Citation

Dilger, Alexander and Geyer, Hannah, Are Three Points for a Win Really Better than Two? Theoretical and Empirical Evidence for German Soccer (May 2008). IÖB-Discussion Paper 4/08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1155173 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1155173

Alexander Dilger (Contact Author)

University of Münster ( email )

Institute for Organisational Economics
Scharnhorststr. 100
Münster, D-48151
Germany
+49-251-83-25330 (Phone)
+49-251-83-28429 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/io/en/organisation/Dilger.html

Hannah Geyer

University of Münster ( email )

Institute for Organisational Economics
Scharnhorststr. 100
Münster, 48151
Germany
+49-251-83-28430 (Phone)
+49-251-83-28429 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/io/organisation/Geyer.html

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