Myopia, Knowledge Development and Cluster Evolution

Posted: 7 Jul 2008

See all articles by Peter Maskell

Peter Maskell

Copenhagen Business School (CBS)

Anders Malmberg

Uppsala University

Date Written: September 2007


This article aims to show how processes of knowledge development and their institutional underpinnings make up the core of evolutionary economic geography. We argue that micro level concepts—notably innovation, selection and retention—provide insights that can be helpful also when investigating evolutionary processes of knowledge creation at the aggregate levels of cities, regions or nations. We investigate the linkage between drivers, mechanisms and barriers to knowledge creation and acquisition at the micro-level, and the development over time and across spatial settings of higher-order phenomena of localized institutions and other capabilities. We apply this distinction on the analysis of the rise, growth, decline and possible rejuvenation of spatial clusters of similar and complementary economic activity.

Keywords: Localized learning, routines, institutional change, lock-in, proximity, B52, D02, D83, O18

Suggested Citation

Maskell, Peter and Malmberg, Anders, Myopia, Knowledge Development and Cluster Evolution (September 2007). Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 7, No. 5, pp. 603-618, 2007, Available at SSRN: or

Peter Maskell (Contact Author)

Copenhagen Business School (CBS) ( email )

Howitzvej 60, 6
Danish research Unit for Industrial Dynamics (DRUID)
DK-2000 Frederiksberg
+45 3815 2881 (Phone)
+45 3929 2226 (Fax)

Anders Malmberg

Uppsala University ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20

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