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Acquired Benefits and Poverty Targeting in Public Spending on Health and Education in Cameroon (Benefices Acquis Et Ciblage Des Pauvres Dans Les Depenses Publiques De Sante Et D'education au Cameroun)

Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2008-08

50 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2009 Last revised: 31 Jul 2013

Kamgnia Dia Bernadette

University of Yaounde II

Leunkeu Wangun Simon

Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT)

Tatsinkou Christophe

Institut National de la Statistique (INS)

Afor Josephine

University of Yaounde II

Date Written: May 2008

Abstract

This study aimed at analyzing the benefits derived from the use of public healthcare facilities and education in Cameroon. The specific objectives are: (i) to estimate the proportion of the budget which is really acquired by the end users of those services; (ii) to determine the equity contents of the acquired benefits; (iii) to quantify the satisfaction in the use of public healthcare and education services; and (iv) to establish the correlation between satisfaction and the wellbeing of Cameroonians. The analysis is based essentially on the assessment of average and marginal incidences, as well as on the study of the progressivity of the acquired benefits.

The findings indicate that the recurrent public spending on the Integrated Health Centres (IHCs) are pro-poor and those of Referral Hospitals (Central Hospitals and Reference Hospitals) are regressive. Nevertheless, a marginal increase in the spending on the IHCs would make these more attractive. Spending on primary education is pro-poor while spending on higher education is pro-rich. But, any increase in the spending on primary education is captured only marginally by the intermediary income group of individuals; the increase in the spending on secondary education contributes significantly to the proportions of the benefits acquired by the various income groups, notably those in the higher intermediary income group.

Notes: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: Public spending, acquired benefits, average incidence, marginal incidence, progressiveness, satisfaction index, dominance

JEL Classification: H22, H51, H52, I38

Suggested Citation

Bernadette, Kamgnia Dia and Simon, Leunkeu Wangun and Christophe, Tatsinkou and Josephine, Afor, Acquired Benefits and Poverty Targeting in Public Spending on Health and Education in Cameroon (Benefices Acquis Et Ciblage Des Pauvres Dans Les Depenses Publiques De Sante Et D'education au Cameroun) (May 2008). Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2008-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1156415 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1156415

Kamgnia Dia Bernadette (Contact Author)

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Yaounde, Center 00237
Cameroon

Leunkeu Wangun Simon

Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT) ( email )

Cameroon

Tatsinkou Christophe

Institut National de la Statistique (INS) ( email )

Cameroon

Afor Josephine

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Yaounde, Center 00237
Cameroon

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