Forensic Economics in Competition Law Enforcement

Posted: 14 Jul 2008

See all articles by Maarten Pieter Schinkel

Maarten Pieter Schinkel

University of Amsterdam - Department of Economics; Tinbergen Institute

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Date Written: March 2008


This paper delineates the specialty field of forensic industrial organization (IO) as the application of theoretical and empirical industrial organization economics in the legal process of competition law enforcement. Four stages of that process that can benefit from forensic IO techniques are distinguished: detection and investigation; case development; decision-making and litigation; and remedies, sanctions, and damages. We survey the use of economics in such aspects as identifying potential forms of anticompetitive behavior, screening markets for competition law violations, determining causality, advising on appropriate remedies, and assessing antitrust damages. The paper discusses the role of expert economic witnesses in competition cases. It calls for an organization of forensic IO within the context of existing forensic institutes.

Suggested Citation

Schinkel, Maarten Pieter, Forensic Economics in Competition Law Enforcement (March 2008). Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 1-30, 2008, Available at SSRN: or

Maarten Pieter Schinkel (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Department of Economics ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
1018 WB Amsterdam
+31 20 525 7132 (Phone)
+31 20 525 5318 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS

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