Delivery Options and Convexity in Treasury Bond and Note Futures
22 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2008
Date Written: July 13, 2008
Using Treasury bond and note futures to hedge fixed income portfolios is complicated by the large number of bonds that are eligible to deliver against the contract. Grieves and Marcus (2005) show that in some circumstances, only two bonds - those with the highest and the lowest durations - are relevant for the hedging problem, which makes computation of analytic hedge ratios tractable. We evaluate the empirical efficacy of their two-relevant-bond model. We compare the maturities of actual cheapest-to-deliver bonds to the prediction of the two-deliverable model, and calculate empirical price-values-of-a-basis-point for Treasury futures contracts to determine whether contract prices display the negative convexity predicted by the model. The model worked very well for the note contract and very poorly for the bond contract. We show that the difference in model performance is related to the shape of the yield curve.
Keywords: Delivery options, convexity, Treasury futures, hedging, PVBP
JEL Classification: G10, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation