Managerial Decisions, Asset Liquidity, and Stock Liquidity
47 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2008 Last revised: 18 Mar 2009
Date Written: February 1, 2009
We predict a positive relationship between the liquidity of the firm's assets and the liquidity of its stock. This relationship depends on market expectations regarding the deployment of the firm's liquid assets. Thus our hypothesis links stock liquidity to managerial actions that change the liquidity of the firm's assets, such as investment, financing, and payout. Consistent with our prediction, we find that after controlling for firm fixed effects, a one standard deviation increase in asset liquidity increases stock liquidity by 14.5%. The relation is stronger when the manager is less likely to convert liquid assets into illiquid assets such as for low market to book and low capital expenditure firms, during economic recessions, and when expected payout is high. Apart from linking corporate finance decisions to stock liquidity, the analysis also promotes a new rationale for several empirical regularities such as the commonality in stock liquidity, and the improvement in stock liquidity following equity issuances.
JEL Classification: G12, G31, G24, G32, G34, M41
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