Socio-Economic Status, HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Stigma, and Sexual Behavior in India

29 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2008 Last revised: 25 Oct 2010

Pedro de Araujo

Colorado College

Date Written: September 11, 2008

Abstract

Using data from the National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-3), this paper analyzes the socioeconomic correlates of sexual behavior, HIV/AIDS knowledge and stigma in India. The main findings are that, overall, the Indian population is faithful and abstains from sex with very small variations across socioeconomic classes. However, given the large size of the population, there is still room for some concern as condom use is low, knowledge about the disease is poor, and stigma is high; especially with respect to less educated, poorer, single males and women in general. Obvious policy recommendations are; therefore, to increase condom distribution and awareness, increase very heavily HIV/AIDS basic education, and promote women empowerment with respect to sexual choices.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Condom, Stigma, and India

JEL Classification: C13, C25, O53

Suggested Citation

de Araujo, Pedro, Socio-Economic Status, HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Stigma, and Sexual Behavior in India (September 11, 2008). CAEPR Working Paper No. 2008-019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1159889 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1159889

Pedro De Araujo (Contact Author)

Colorado College ( email )

14 E Cache La Poudre Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
United States

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