The Restructuring of Legal Education Along Functional Lines
William K. S. Wang
University of California, Hastings College of the Law
July 16, 2008
Journal of Contemporary Legal issues, Vol. 17, 2008
San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 08-044
Currently, law schools tie together five quite distinct services in one package, offered to a limited number of students. These five functions are: (1) impartation of knowledge, (2) counseling/placement, (3) credentialing (awarding grades and degrees), (4) coercion, and (5) club membership. Students do not have the opportunity to pay for just the services they want or to buy each of the five services from different providers.
This article proposes an "unbundled" system in which the five services presently performed by law schools would be rendered by many different kinds of organizations, each specializing in only one function or an aspect of one function. Unbundling of legal education along functional lines would substantially increase student options and dramatically increase competition and innovation by service providers. This offers the hope of making available more individualized and better instruction and giving students remarkable freedom of choice as to courses, schedules, work-pace, instructional media, place of residence, and site of learning. Most importantly, this improved education would be available on an "open admissions" basis at much lower cost to many more individuals throughout the nation, or even the world.
In order to explain how to restructure the existing law school system, this article will discuss the five educational services presently performed by law schools, the disadvantages of tying these services together, a hypothetical unbundled world of legal education, the advantages of the unbundled system, answers to some possible objections to the system, and some recent developments in the use of technology and distance learning in law schools.
The main theme of this article is the advantage of unbundling. A more modest sub-theme is the benefit of use of technology and distance learning.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: distance education, distance learning, external degrees, open university, CALI, computer assisted legal instruction, unbundling higher education, unbundling education, OpenCourseWare, MIT OpenCourseWare, online education, online higher education, internet education, internet higher education
JEL Classification: K00, K10
Date posted: July 22, 2008 ; Last revised: December 5, 2012