Education, Income and Support for Suicide Bombings: Evidence from Six Muslim Countries

Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 146-178

48 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2008 Last revised: 4 Aug 2013

Date Written: 2010

Abstract

We examine the effect of educational attainment and income on support for suicide bombing among Muslim publics in six predominantly Muslim countries that have experienced suicide bombings: Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, and Turkey. We make two contributions. First, we present a conceptual model, which has been lacking in the literature. Second, we consider attitudes towards two different targets of suicide bombings: civilians within the respondent’s country and Western military and political personnel in Iraq. We find that the effect of educational attainment and income on support for suicide bombings varies across countries and targets. Our findings therefore draw attention to the difficulties of making generalizations about Muslim countries, and the importance of distinguishing between targets of suicide bombings.

Keywords: attitudes, Islam, politics of education, suicide bombing, terrorism

JEL Classification: D6, D62, D74, I2, I30, O1

Suggested Citation

Shafiq, M. Najeeb and Sinno, Abdulkader, Education, Income and Support for Suicide Bombings: Evidence from Six Muslim Countries (2010). Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 146-178, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1163046

M. Najeeb Shafiq (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh ( email )

135 N Bellefield Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.pitt.edu/~mnshafiq

Abdulkader Sinno

Indiana University ( email )

Bloomington, IN
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.sinno.com

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