Global Warming and Environmental Production Efficiency Ranking of the Kyoto Protocol Nations

Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 90, pp. 1178-1183, 2009

18 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2008 Last revised: 31 Dec 2018

See all articles by Ehsan H. Feroz

Ehsan H. Feroz

University of Washington, Milgard School of Business-Accounting ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Government of the United States of America - US GAO Advisory Council; University of Minnesota, Labovitz School of Business-Department of Accounting; University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management-Department of Accounting; American Accounting Association

Raymond L. Raab

University of Minnesota, Duluth - Labovitz School of Business and Economics (LSBE)

Gerald T. Ulleberg

Independent

Kamal Alsharif

Independent

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

We study the United Nations Organization's Kyoto Protocol nations to address two questions. First of all, what are the environmental production efficiency rankings of these nations? Secondly, is there a relationship between a nation's ratification status and its environmental production efficiency ranking? We use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to compare the relative performance of the signatory nations since it is much more meaningful to compare these nations to each other's efficiency record as a relative benchmark in a truly global sense.

Our findings suggest that the nations that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol are more likely to be environmentally production efficient as compared to the nations that have not ratified the treaty. In terms of the prospect of the Kyoto Protocol being ratified by all the participating nations, these findings suggest that apart from the seasonal global warming statements by politicians and others, there are fundamental domestic politico-economic considerations inhibiting national governments that are yet to ratify the treaty. Resolving these differences will most likely involve serious negotiations including, diplomatic pressures in the halls of UNO and 'diplomacy by other means' in the historical battlegrounds for resolving international conflicts.

Finally, this paper provides a cross-sectional comparison of the environmental production efficiency of the Kyoto Protocol participants only. However, the same analysis could also be conducted for an individual nation over a period of time. For example, one can conduct a time-series analysis to compare the improvement or deterioration of PRC environmental track record over a period of time. Similarly, the approach illustrated here can be used by international environmental watchdogs like the European or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to compare the relative efficiency of individual member states or the relative efficiency of the same state or nation over a period of time.

Keywords: UNO, Kyoto Protocol, Environmental Management, Environmental Economics, Production Efficiency, GDP, GNP, DEA, Global Warming, Political Economy

JEL Classification: C19, C44, C61, C67, D24, D57, E23, F02, H51, M11, O47, O57, P16, P17, P44, Q20, Q25

Suggested Citation

Feroz, Ehsan H. and Raab, Raymond L. and Ulleberg, Gerald T. and Alsharif, Kamal, Global Warming and Environmental Production Efficiency Ranking of the Kyoto Protocol Nations (2009). Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 90, pp. 1178-1183, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1163288

Ehsan H. Feroz (Contact Author)

University of Washington, Milgard School of Business-Accounting ( email )

1900 Commerce Street, Campus Box 358420
Tacoma, WA 98402-3100
United States
(253) 692 4728 (Phone)
253 692 4523 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.tacoma.washington.edu/business

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

515 East Gregory Drive# 2307
Champaign, IL 61820
United States

Government of the United States of America - US GAO Advisory Council ( email )

441 G Street NW
Washington, DC 20548-0001
United States

University of Minnesota, Labovitz School of Business-Department of Accounting ( email )

10 University Drive
Labovitz School of Business
Duluth, MN 55812
United States
218-726-6988 (Phone)
218-726-8510 (Fax)

University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management-Department of Accounting ( email )

420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

American Accounting Association ( email )

5717 Bessie Drive
Sarasota, FL 34233-2399
United States

Raymond L. Raab

University of Minnesota, Duluth - Labovitz School of Business and Economics (LSBE) ( email )

412 Library Drive
Duluth, MN 55812-3029
United States

Gerald T. Ulleberg

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Kamal Alsharif

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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