Citations (4)


Footnotes (286)



Temporary-Effect Legislation, Political Accountability, and Fiscal Restraint

George K. Yin

University of Virginia School of Law

April 2009

84 N. Y. U. L. Rev. 174 (2009)

The proper duration of legislation has become highly controversial as a result of the enactment of many temporary tax laws during the George W. Bush Administration. The prevailing view is that inclusion of an expiration date or "sunset" feature in legislation permits the cost of the legislation to be misrepresented and allows its proponents to escape the discipline intended by the congressional budget process. Under this view, fiscal discipline is preserved through enactment of so-called "permanent" legislation.

This Article challenges that view and shows that, barring estimation error, the legislative process accounts completely for the costs of "temporary-effect" legislation but not permanent legislation. Consequently, enactment of temporary-effect rather than permanent legislation would promote political accountability and may result in greater fiscal restraint. In addition, when temporary-effect legislation expires, the cost of any extension is fully taken into account in the legislative process. Extension of such legislation, therefore, competes with, and potentially displaces, adoption of other legislation. By contrast, the cost of continuing permanent programs largely disappears in the legislative process and therefore continuation of such programs produces little or no crowding-out effect. This Article also addresses whether other features of the legislative process can overcome the problems associated with the budget accounting of permanent legislation, and responds to criticisms of temporary-effect legislation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 85

Keywords: temporary laws, sunsets, budget, tax, legislative process, extenders, fiscal restraint

JEL Classification: H1, H2, H3, H5, H6, K1, K3, K4, K34

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: July 24, 2008 ; Last revised: June 27, 2014

Suggested Citation

Yin, George K., Temporary-Effect Legislation, Political Accountability, and Fiscal Restraint (April 2009). 84 N. Y. U. L. Rev. 174 (2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1172102

Contact Information

George K. Yin (Contact Author)
University of Virginia School of Law ( email )
580 Massie Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
434-924-7025 (Phone)
434-924-7536 (Fax)

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,985
Downloads: 272
Download Rank: 87,682
Citations:  4
Footnotes:  286