Scale, Diversity, and Determinants of Labour Migration in Europe

40 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2008

See all articles by Anzelika Zaiceva

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO); UNU-MERIT; Maastricht University, Department of Economics; Free University Berlin; University of Bonn; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Journal of Population Economics

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Abstract

While global migration is increasing, internal EU migration flows have remained low. This paper contributes to a better understanding of the determinants and scale of European migration. It surveys previous historical experiences and empirical findings including the recent Eastern enlargements. The determinants of migration before and after the 2004 enlargement and in the EU15 and EU10 countries are analysed using individual data on migration intentions. In addition, perceptions about the size of migration after the enlargement are studied. The potential emigrant from both old and new EU member states tends to be young, better educated and to live in larger cities. People from the EU10 with children are less likely to move after enlargement in comparison to those without family. There exists a correlation between individual perceptions about the scale of migration and actual flows. Better educated and left-oriented individuals in the EU15 are less likely to perceive these flows as important.

Keywords: migration, EU Eastern enlargement, migration intentions, determinants of labour migration

JEL Classification: F22, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Zaiceva, Anzelika and Zimmermann, Klaus F., Scale, Diversity, and Determinants of Labour Migration in Europe. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3595, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1184005 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Anzelika Zaiceva (Contact Author)

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

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Modena, Modena 42121
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

Bonn
Germany

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UNU-MERIT ( email )

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Maastricht University, Department of Economics ( email )

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University of Bonn

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Bonn, D-53012
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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Journal of Population Economics

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