From Giving Birth to Paid Labor: The Effects of Adult Education for Prime-Aged Mothers

59 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2008

See all articles by Annette Bergemann

Annette Bergemann

University of Bristol - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation

Gerard J. van den Berg

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Abstract

Women without work after childbirth are at risk of losing their connection to the labor market. However, they may participate in adult education programs. We analyze the effect of this on the duration to work and on the wage rate, by applying conditional difference-in-differences approaches. We use Swedish matched longitudinal register data sets covering the full population. The Swedish adult education program is unprecedented in its size, and enrollment is universally available at virtually no cost. We focus on low-skilled women who have recently given birth. We take account of program accessibility, selection issues, course heterogeneity, the income received during adult education, parental leave, and child care fees. To understand the enrollment decision from the mothers' point of view, we use the estimates to calibrate a job search model.

Keywords: evaluation of adult education, job search model, female labor supply, wages, participation, unemployment, schooling, conditional difference-in-differences

JEL Classification: H43, J68, J64, J24, C14

Suggested Citation

Bergemann, Annette and van den Berg, Gerard J., From Giving Birth to Paid Labor: The Effects of Adult Education for Prime-Aged Mothers. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3600. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1184010 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Annette Bergemann (Contact Author)

University of Bristol - Department of Economics ( email )

8 Woodland Road
Bristol BS8 ITN
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden

Gerard J. Van den Berg

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 444 6132 (Phone)
+32 20 444 6020 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

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