Redemption to Reform: The Intellectual Origins of the Prison Reform Movement
James J. Beha II
affiliation not provided to SSRN
August 5, 2008
In the late Nineteenth Century, major shifts within the criminal justice system and within society at large led to the transformation of the concept of rehabilitation from a religious and spiritual process ("redemptive rehabilitation") to a medicalized and rationalized process ("reformative rehabilitation"). This paper illustrates that shift through the lens of the process leading to the formation of the first American system of parole at the first adult reformatory prison, Elmira Reformatory.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: criminal justice, prison, prison reform, penal reform, rehabilitation, parole, elmira, brockway
Date posted: August 6, 2008