Pro-Poor Growth: Explaining the Cross-Country Variation in the Growth Elasticity of Poverty

23 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2008

Date Written: August 5, 2008

Abstract

It is well established in the literature that, on average, economic growth is associated with reductions in income poverty. However, evidence suggests that some countries see a much faster decline in poverty with the same level of growth in income. The objective of this paper is to analyse the cross-country variation in the growth elasticity of poverty across a sample of developing countries during the period 1990 to 2000. In doing so, it first sets up a theoretical framework, which seeks to identify different policy variables as explanations. Subsequently, when applied to panel data econometric analysis for 52 low and middle income countries, we find that the level of initial inequality, credit available to the private sector, literacy, the extent of business regulations, and trade openness are important determinants of the growth elasticity of poverty.

Keywords: Growth, Poverty, Inequality, Elasticity, Pro-poor policy, Low and middle

JEL Classification: O11, O40, I39, C33

Suggested Citation

Chhibber, Ajay and Nayyar, Gaurav, Pro-Poor Growth: Explaining the Cross-Country Variation in the Growth Elasticity of Poverty (August 5, 2008). Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper No. 14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1205169 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1205169

Ajay Chhibber (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Gaurav Nayyar

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
127
Abstract Views
848
Rank
418,592
PlumX Metrics