What Drives Participation in State Voluntary Cleanup Programs? Evidence from Oregon

28 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2008 Last revised: 15 Oct 2008

See all articles by Allen Blackman

Allen Blackman

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Thomas P. Lyon

University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business

Kris Wernstedt

School of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech

Sarah Darley

Resources for the Future

Date Written: February 25, 2008

Abstract

Virtually all U.S. states have now created voluntary cleanup programs (VCPs) offering liability relief and other incentives for responsible parties to remediate contaminated sites. We use a duration model to analyze participation in Oregon's program. In contrast to previous VCP research, we find that this program attracts sites with significant contamination, not just relatively clean ones. Furthermore, we find that regulatory pressure - in particular, the public listing of contaminated sites - drives participation. These findings imply Oregon has been able to spur voluntary remediation via public disclosure, a result that comports with key themes in the literature on voluntary environmental regulation.

Keywords: environment, hazardous waste, brownfields, contaminated property, duration analysis, Oregon

JEL Classification: Q53, Q58, C41

Suggested Citation

Blackman, Allen and Lyon, Thomas P. and Wernstedt, Kris and Darley, Sarah, What Drives Participation in State Voluntary Cleanup Programs? Evidence from Oregon (February 25, 2008). RFF Discussion Paper No. 08-04. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1213027 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1213027

Allen Blackman (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Thomas P. Lyon

University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business ( email )

701 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI MI 48109
United States
734-615-1639 (Phone)

Kris Wernstedt

School of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech ( email )

Virginia Tech, Alexandria Center
1021 Prince Street, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States
301-785-6725 (Phone)
703-518-8009 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.spia.vt.edu/people/spiafacultybios/wernstedtspiabio.html

Sarah Darley

Resources for the Future

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

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