Where are We in the Economics of Gender?: The Gender Pay Gap

34 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 1996

See all articles by Francine D. Blau

Francine D. Blau

Cornell University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

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Date Written: July 1996

Abstract

Empirical research on gender pay gaps has traditionally focused on the role of gender-specific factors, particularly gender differences in qualifications and differences in the treatment of otherwise equally qualified male and female workers (i.e., labor market discrimination). This paper explores the determinants of the gender pay gap and argues for the importance of an additional factor, wage structure, the array of prices set for labor market skills and the rewards received for employment in favored sectors. Drawing on joint work with Lawrence Kahn, I illustrate the impact of wage structure by presenting empirical results analyzing its effect on international differences in the gender gap and trends over time in the gender differential in the U.S.

JEL Classification: J31

Suggested Citation

Blau, Francine D., Where are We in the Economics of Gender?: The Gender Pay Gap (July 1996). NBER Working Paper 5664. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1216 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1216

Francine D. Blau (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

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