Psychology, Public Policy & Law, Vol. 14, p. 243, 2008
20 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2008 Last revised: 14 Apr 2009
Recent scholarship has drawn attention to the alternative contributions of dysfunctional reactive cognition (e.g., provocation interpretational bias) and emotion (e.g., provoked fury) in heat of passion killings. Two main theses have been advanced. First, there exists a meaningful parallel between the instrumental/reactive aggression dichotomy in psychology and murder/manslaughter distinction in law. Second, analysis of this parallel suggests that the heat of passion (or provocation) defense disproportionately favors emotional over cognitive dysfunction in mitigating murder to manslaughter. These theses, though, have yet to be fully developed, and raise additional, critical questions that have not yet been addressed. For example, Other than interpretational style, how may social cognitive science inform our understanding of the role of cognitive bias in reactive homicide?, and How is serious interpretational bias related to alternative forms of psychiatric disorder as recognized in law? This Article addresses these and related questions regarding the differential and interactive contributions of dysfunctional cognition and emotion in the execution of reactive homicide.
Keywords: Instrumental, Reactive, Aggression, Violence, Murder, Manslaughter, Provocation, Heat Of Passion, Cognition, Emotion
JEL Classification: K14, K4, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Fontaine, Reid Griffith, Reactive Cognition, Reactive Emotion: Toward a More Psychologically Informed Understanding of Reactive Homicide. Psychology, Public Policy & Law, Vol. 14, p. 243, 2008; Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 08-19. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1220677