Export-Led Growth, Growth-Driven Export, Both or None? Granger Causality Analysis on OECD Countries

22 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2008

See all articles by Laszlo Konya

Laszlo Konya

La Trobe University - School of Economics

Date Written: August 17, 2008

Abstract

This paper investigates the possibility of export-led growth and growth-driven export by testing for Granger causality between the logarithms of real exports and real GDP in twenty-five OECD countries. Two complementary testing strategies are applied. First, depending on the time series properties of the data, causality is tested with Wald tests within finite-order vector autoregressive (VAR) models in levels and/or in first-differences. Then, with no need for pre-testing, a modified Wald procedure is used in augmented level VAR systems. In both cases we experiment with alternative deterministic trend degrees. The results indicate that there is no causality between exports and growth (NC) in Luxembourg and in the Netherlands, exports cause growth (ECG) in Iceland, growth causes exports (GCE) in Canada, Japan and Korea, and there is two-way causality between exports and growth (TWC) in Sweden and in the UK. Although with less certainty, we also conclude that there is NC in Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary and Norway, ECG in Australia, Austria and Ireland, and GCE in Finland, Portugal and the USA. However, in the case of Belgium, Italy, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain and Switzerland the results are too controversial to make a simple choice.

Keywords: Causality, Export, Economic growth, OECD countries

JEL Classification: F43, F49, O51, O52, O53, O56

Suggested Citation

Konya, Laszlo, Export-Led Growth, Growth-Driven Export, Both or None? Granger Causality Analysis on OECD Countries (August 17, 2008). Applied Econometrics and International Development, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1231926

Laszlo Konya

La Trobe University - School of Economics ( email )

Bundoora, Victoria 3086
Australia

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