Testing Urbanization Economies in Manufacturing Industries: Urban Diversity or Urban Size?

Posted: 19 Aug 2008

See all articles by Shihe Fu

Shihe Fu

Xiamen University - The Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 17, 2008

Abstract

Whether urbanization economies are caused by urban diversity or urban scale is not clear in regional and urban economics literature. Many empirical studies have used either city population size or urban industrial diversity to measure urbanization economies and have reached different conclusions. This paper argues that city size mainly captures the pure scale economies of urban public goods, and may generate net diseconomies when a city size is too large. Urban industrial diversity can also enhance firm productivity. Using the 2004 China manufacturing census data, we test simultaneously the effects of urban size and industrial diversity on firm productivity, controlling for localization economies and human capital externalities. We found that city size effect does exist, but too large a city size indicates net diseconomies. Firms also benefit from industrial diversity, and the strength of such benefit increases with city size but decreases with firm size. The overall results support Jacobs's idea that small firms benefit more from urban diversity.

Keywords: Urbanization economies, Industrial diversity, Jacobs externalities, City size

JEL Classification: L60, R12, R30

Suggested Citation

Fu, Shihe, Testing Urbanization Economies in Manufacturing Industries: Urban Diversity or Urban Size? (August 17, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1232365

Shihe Fu (Contact Author)

Xiamen University - The Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE) ( email )

A 307, Economics Building
Xiamen, Fujian 361005
China

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
446
PlumX Metrics