The Impact of Regulations on Agricultural Trade: Evidence from SPS and TBT Agreements

Posted: 21 Aug 2008

See all articles by Anne-Celia Disdier

Anne-Celia Disdier

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - UMR Economie Publique

Lionel Fontagne

University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne; Paris School of Economics; CEPII

Mondher Mimouni

International Trade Centre (UNCTAD/WTO)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 1, 2008

Abstract

According to World Trade Organization rules, countries may adopt regulations under the Agreements on Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT). We analyze the structure of these measures in agricultural trade. The inventory approach suggests that European countries have among the lowest coverage ratios of all OECD countries. Using a gravity equation, we also estimate their stringency. Our results suggest that they significantly reduce developing countries' exports to OECD countries, but do not affect trade between OECD members. Furthermore, European imports are more negatively influenced by SPS and TBTs than imports of other OECD countries.

Keywords: Agriculture, sanitary and phyto-sanitary norms, technical barriers to trade, ad valorem equivalents, protectionism

JEL Classification: F3, Q17

Suggested Citation

Disdier, Anne-Celia and Fontagne, Lionel and Mimouni, Mondher, The Impact of Regulations on Agricultural Trade: Evidence from SPS and TBT Agreements (May 1, 2008). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 90, No. 2, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1243662

Anne-Celia Disdier (Contact Author)

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - UMR Economie Publique ( email )

Centre de Grignon
BP01
Thiverval-Grignon, 78850
France

Lionel Fontagne

University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne ( email )

Maison des Sciences Economiques
106-112 Bd de l'Hôpital
Paris, 75013
France
+33 1 44 07 89 94 (Phone)
+33 1 53 68 55 01 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Paris School of Economics ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
+33 1 44 07 89 94 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

CEPII ( email )

9 Rue Georges Pitard
Paris, 75015
France
+33 1 53 68 55 06 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Mondher Mimouni

International Trade Centre (UNCTAD/WTO) ( email )

Palais des Nations
Office E 8074
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

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