Selection and Design of Local Referenda for Land Conservation

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Forthcoming.

39 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2008 Last revised: 17 Apr 2012

See all articles by H. Spencer Banzhaf

H. Spencer Banzhaf

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; PERC - Property and Environment Research Center; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Wallace E. Oates

University of Maryland - Department of Economics; Resources for the Future

James N. Sanchirico

University of California, Davis - Environmental Science and Policy; Resources for the Future; Motu Economic and Public Policy Research Trust

Date Written: March 13, 2010

Abstract

From 1998 to 2006, over three-quarters of the more than 1,550 U.S. referenda targeting open-space passed. We analyze the success of the conservation movement at holding referenda in areas with greater ecological value and greater likelihood of supporting conservation. To do so, we first analyze the patterns in where referenda are held and in which finance mechanisms they employ. Controlling for these two selection patterns, we then investigate the factors determining the success of the referenda. Our findings suggest that conservation groups are pursuing a successful strategy, targeting communities with above-average probabilities of passing referenda and higher ecological value. Nevertheless, our results suggest that overlooked opportunities exist in minority and middle-class neighborhoods, in suburban fringe areas, and in the southeast.

Keywords: Land Conservation, Referenda, Sprawl

JEL Classification: H41, H76, Q38

Suggested Citation

Banzhaf, H. Spencer and Oates, Wallace and Sanchirico, James N., Selection and Design of Local Referenda for Land Conservation (March 13, 2010). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Forthcoming.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1247903

H. Spencer Banzhaf (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States
404-413-0252 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www2.gsu.edu/~prchsb/

PERC - Property and Environment Research Center

2048 Analysis Drive
Suite A
Bozeman, MT 59718
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Wallace Oates

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

Tydings Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States
301 405-3496 (Phone)

Resources for the Future

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

James N. Sanchirico

University of California, Davis - Environmental Science and Policy ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
(530) 754-9883 (Phone)
(530) 752-3350 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.des.ucdavis.edu/faculty/Sanchirico.html

Resources for the Future ( email )

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Motu Economic and Public Policy Research Trust ( email )

Level 1, 93 Cuba Street
P.O. Box 24390
Wellington, 6142
New Zealand

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
87
Abstract Views
1,094
rank
288,078
PlumX Metrics