Does Patent Strategy Shape the Long-Run Supply of Public Knowledge? Evidence from Human Genetics

Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 1193-1221, 2009

66 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2008 Last revised: 1 May 2013

See all articles by Kenneth G. Huang

Kenneth G. Huang

National University of Singapore (NUS) - ISEM & NUS Business School

Fiona Murray

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center

Date Written: September 1, 2008

Abstract

Knowledge-based firms seeking competitive advantage often draw on the public knowledge stream - ideas embedded in public commons institutions - as the foundation for private knowledge - ideas firms protect through private intellectual property (IP) institutions. However, we have a limited understanding of the converse relationship: the impact of private knowledge strategies on public knowledge production. We examine this question in human genetics, where policymakers debate expanding IP ownership over the human genome. Our econometric analysis shows that gene patents decrease public genetic knowledge, with broader patent scope, private-sector ownership, complexity of the patent landscape, and the gene's commercial relevance exacerbating their effect.

Keywords: Knowledge, Patent Strategy, IP Institutions, Innovations, Genetics

JEL Classification: O32, O34, O38

Suggested Citation

Huang, Kenneth Guang-lih and Murray, Fiona E., Does Patent Strategy Shape the Long-Run Supply of Public Knowledge? Evidence from Human Genetics (September 1, 2008). Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 1193-1221, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1249522

Kenneth Guang-lih Huang (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - ISEM & NUS Business School ( email )

Singapore, 117575
Singapore
+6566015059 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/kennethhuang/

Fiona E. Murray

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center ( email )

United States

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