Migration, Remittances and Children's Schooling in Haiti

34 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2008

See all articles by Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

San Diego State University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Annie Georges

National Center for Children and Families

Susan Pozo

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the use of remittances to school children remaining in migrant communities in Haiti. After addressing the endogeneity of remittance receipt, we find that remittances raise school attendance for all children in some communities regardless of whether they have household members abroad or not; however, in other communities, we only observe this effect among children living in households that do not experience any family out-migration. Our finding underscores the simultaneous and opposing impacts of household out-migration and remittance receipt on children's schooling. While the receipt of remittances by the household lifts budget constraints and raises the children's likelihood of being schooled, the disruptive effect of household out-migration imposes an economic burden on the remaining household members and reduces their likelihood of being schooled. As such, remittances ameliorate the negative disruptive effect of household out-migration on children's schooling and, given the substantial costs of schooling in Haiti, contribute to the accumulation of human capital in the midst of extreme poverty.

Keywords: migration, remittances, education, Haiti

JEL Classification: F22, O54

Suggested Citation

Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina and Georges, Annie and Pozo, Susan, Migration, Remittances and Children's Schooling in Haiti. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3657. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1251025 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (Contact Author)

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States
619-594-1663 (Phone)
619-594-5062 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Annie Georges

National Center for Children and Families ( email )

Bethesda, MD
United States

Susan Pozo

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics ( email )

1903 West Michigan Avenue
Kalamazoo, MI 49008
United States
269-387-5553 (Phone)
269-387-5637 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://homepages.wmich.edu/~pozo/

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