Out-of-Sample Equity Premium Prediction: Combination Forecasts and Links to the Real Economy
62 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2008 Last revised: 10 Apr 2009
Date Written: April 8, 2009
While a host of economic variables have been identified in the literature with the apparent in-sample ability to predict the equity premium, Goyal and Welch (2008) find that these variables fail to deliver consistent out-of-sample forecasting gains relative to the historical average. Arguing that substantial model uncertainty and instability seriously impair the forecasting ability of individual predictive regression models, we recommend combining individual model forecasts to improve out-of-sample equity premium prediction. Combining delivers statistically and economically significant out-of-sample gains relative to the historical average on a consistent basis over time. We provide two empirical explanations for the benefits of the forecast combination approach: (i) combining forecasts incorporates information from numerous economic variables while substantially reducing forecast volatility; (ii) combination forecasts of the equity premium are linked to the real economy.
Keywords: portfolio performance between advised and self-directed investors
JEL Classification: C22, C53, G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation